Adeolu Aromolaran, MD, MHS

Fulbright GHES U.S. Fellow 2016-2017

Fellowship Site: Oswaldo Cruz Foundation
U.S. Institution: Yale University School of Medicine

Project Title: Risk factors for Zika Virus associated Microcephaly

Dr. Aromoloran was a GHES fellow scholar while he was a medical student.  He is currently a resident physician at Children's National Health System.  His research focused on the Zika virus (ZIKV), a flavivirus transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitos. In October 2015, increased reports of microcephaly became a cause of alarm in Brazil. By February 2016, the World Health Organization declared the increased cases of microcephaly in Brazil a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Experts proposed a link between the ZIKV epidemic in early 2015 and the subsequent increase in microcephaly.

This study identified risk factors for ZIKV-associated microcephaly in Salvador, Brazil at three study hospitals, through a case-control study where cases are children born within the epidemic time frame who have characteristic signs of ZIKV-associated microcephaly on imaging and controls are children born in the same hospital and month of birth. The hypothesis was that the interaction of ZIKV and another factor leads to the development of ZIKV-associated microcephaly.