Florida International University
RESEARCH FOCUS: MENTAL HEALTH, HIV/AIDS PREVENTION AND TREATMENT ADHERENCE, PERIPARTUM CARDIOMYOPATHY, GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE
GHESKIO is the leading organization for HIV/AIDS research in the Caribbean; it was involved in international clinical vaccine trials, joint HIV/tuberculosis control efforts, and the prevention of mother to child HIV transmission. GHESKIO had unrivaled biomedical expertise in the region but as the epidemic matured, found the need for behavioral prevention strategies to complement their treatment programs. In 2004, Drs. Pape and Deschamps invited Dr. Dévieux to collaborate with GHESKIO on several or their research studies including their interventions for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and the prevention of gender-based violence. Dr. Dévieux’s research collaboration with GHESKIO emerged from this context and eventually led to her submitting and securing NIH funding for several studies which were implemented at GHESKIO. The first one (R01 AA17405)consisted of a randomized controlled trial, evaluating a cognitive behavioral intervention designed to reduce risk behaviors and improve adherence among an urban poor population of HIV+ men and women. Although Haitians living in the U.S. and in Haiti represent one of the groups most disproportionately impacted by HIV in the Caribbean region, few behavioral intervention studies had involved this population. This study was the first that aimed to address this gap in our knowledge. Three subsequent NIH grant submissions, which Dr. Dévieux ledas PI, directly built upon the research collaboration developed through her previous collaborations with GHESKIO in the areas of PMTCT, sexual violence as well as the first R01 study that concluded in August 2014. The first such study entitled, “An innovative educational intervention for newborn medical male circumcision (NMMC)” (R21HD076685) was designed to better understand socio-cultural beliefs, attitudes, influences and conceptualizations around NMMC with the additional aims of developing and piloting an innovative video- based educational intervention to increase NMMC uptake in Haiti. Secondly, Dr. Dévieux conducted the first depression intervention for HIV+ patients in Haiti (R21MH103054) and one of only a handful worldwide that utilizes a highly replicable, algorithmic-driven, task-shifting model. Third, she is currently implementing a study which aims to develop and pilot test a cognitive behavioral intervention to improve ART adherence and HIV risk reduction for HIV+ older adolescents in Haiti (R34 MH107335).